What is Eyelid Surgery?
Eye Lid Surgery also is known as Blepharoplasty, it is a plastic surgery that enhances the appearance of eyelid by removing fine wrinkles, excess sagging skin, muscle, and fat to tighten your skin and soft tissues on your upper eyelid and lower eyelids. Because of the natural ageing process, the eyelid stretch and the muscle supporting it weakens.
Aside from making you look older, sagging skin obscures your sight especially the upper and outer parts of your field of vision.
There are two types of Blepharoplasty eyelid surgery
Upper Blepharoplasty is an eyelid surgery that reduces a puffy appearance by eliminating the excess or stretched eyelid skin of the upper eyelid
A Lower Blepharoplasty helps lessen under eye-bags and improve wrinkles and puffiness, in the lower eyelid
What are the Benefits of Eyelid Surgery?
- Youthful and refreshed appearance
- With the improvement of your look, your self-confidence will boost
- Better vision
Are there any alternatives to a blepharoplasty?
There are no other medical alternative to blepharoplasty that can reposition or reshape the eyelids.
For excess skin, your plastic surgeons may be able to evaluate you for laser skin resurfacing where laser is used to gently burn the surface of your skin a controlled way.
Injecting Anti Wrinkle Injections can also smooth out fine wrinkles
How much does an eyelid surgery cost?
The cost of the surgery depends on number factors such as your plastic surgeons’ level of expertise and the condition of your eyelid. In an average, price for an eyelid surgery ranges from $1800 to $4000
Medical issues related to blepharoplasty
Prior to the surgery, you need to talk about medical issues with your doctor. They may discuss with you about your:
- Physical Exam – An examination will help your doctor decide if eyelid surgery blepharoplasty is appropriate
- Medical History – Pre existing medical conditions and surgery you may have had may influence decisions about this treatment including type of anaesthetic that is used. In particular, you have to tell your surgeon if you have glaucoma, detached retina, any thyroid disorders, etc.
- Eye Exam – you may need to be evaluated by an ophthalmologist before your surgery
- Risks and possible complications – It is important that you understand these so that you can gauge whether blepharoplasty is right for you
- Medication – inform your surgeon about any medication that you take regularly or has recently taken, including over-the-counter preparations like fish oils and vitamin supplements
- Past reactions to medication – tell your doctor if you have ever had bad reaction or side effects from any medication including anaesthesia
- Preparation for surgery – your surgeon will provide instructions on what you should do at home to prepare for the surgery.
What does the surgery involve?
You may have local anaesthesia, sedation, or a general anaesthetic. Your surgeon will inform you which is the best option for you.
The operation differs according to the details of the blepharoplasty
Upper eyelid surgery – your surgeon will make an incisions on the natural skin crease just above the eyelid. They will remove any excess skin and fat that us pushing through the muscle
Lower eyelid blepharoplasty – Your surgeon will make a cut along the rim of your eyelashes to just beyond the edge. They will remove any excess skin, and remove or redistribute any fat that is pushing through the muscle.
How long does it take to recover from eyelid surgery?
Recovery will be between 7 to 14 days from day of surgery.
If you only have upper eye lid blepharoplasty, you should be able to go home after few hours but refrain from participating in strenuous exercise, bend down for the first week, wear eye make-up, and drink alcohol for few weeks, Also keep your face out of the sun.
Eyelid incision are typically closed with sutures and are generally removed from five to 8 days from surgery.
A more defined and rejuvenated eyelid area will slowly show as the swelling and bruising subsides and reveal .
The results of a blepharoplasty can last for five to ten years and sometimes can be permanent. Your face will still continue to age but should look youthful than if you did not have the treatment.
Is eyelid surgery dangerous?
Just like other plastic surgery, blepharoplasty also has risks and complications which can be serious if not done properly hence it is very important that you see a well-trained and certified plastic surgeons.
- Infection of the surgical area
- Too much skin removal
- Bleeding into your eye socket
- Blood clots that may cause potentially fatal cardiovascular complications such as heart attack, deep vein thrombosis or stroke
- Cornea Abrasion
- Double Vision
- Cosmetic Problems
- Risks of anaesthesia, including allergic reaction
- Eyelid disorders that involve abnormal positioning of the upper eyelids (eyelid ptosis) or loose eyelid skin – these disorders can coexist with sagging forehead and eyebrow structures
- The development of lumps inside the lower eyelids, which can irritate the surface
- Further surgery to treat complications.
It is always good to get consultation from your plastic surgeons about how risks will apply to you and make sure that you understand what are involved in blepharoplasty.
Also, you may undergo blepharoplasty at the same time as another treatment, such as brow lift, face-lift, or skin resurfacing
Self care at home after blepharoplasty surgery
After surgery, with the guidance of a specialist, general self-care suggestions are as follows
- Follow all instructions on looking after your wound. Gently clean your eyelids and use prescribed ointment
- Use ice packs on your eyes for 10 minutes every hour the night after surgery. The next day, use ice packs on your eyes four to five times throughout the day.
- Expect to have soreness and swelling for few weeks after the surgery
- Do not rub your eyes because this may result to a trauma
- If you use contact lenses, don’t wear them for two weeks from treatment
- Use coolness compression to help manage short term irritation, discomfort, and sensations of dryness
- Protect your eyes from sunlight and wind until the healing process is completed. Wear darkly tinted sunglasses.
- Sleep with your head raised higher than your chest for few days
- For about a week, avoid aspirin, ibuprofen naproxen sodium, naproxen, and other medications or herbal supplements that may increase bleeding. If needed, use acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) to control pain.
- Report right away if you experience the following:
- Vision problem
- An unusual heart rate
- Severe new eye pain
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
Is eyelid surgery painful?
Pain is none to moderate. Topical anaesthesia will be applied to lessen the sensation. After your eyelid surgery, you may feel tight and sore. Your eyes may be watery, dry, itchy, or sticky. Your eyes may become sensitive to light and your vision will be blurry for few days.
Long-term outlook following blepharoplasty
Post-surgical swelling will reduce over time. Many find that blepharoplasty makes huge difference in their look especially if you had very loose upper lid skin or large bags underneath their eyes. Final outcome will be revealed within several weeks but may take up to a year for cut lines to fully heal. While it can be expected to correct certain conditions permanently, you will continue to experience the effects of ageing.