Whether it’s general thinning or specific area, 60% will have male pattern baldness and 40% of women will experience a hair loss condition within their lifetime. An average person can lose hair as many as 50 to 100 per day. The renewal rate is usually sufficient that the cycle remains stable: just as many new hair grow as old ones fall out. Hair loss occurs when the growth cycle is no longer balanced.
Hair loss or alopecia can affect your scalp and may be temporary or permanent. hair loss can be caused by several factors
- Hormonal change and medical conditions
- Medications and supplements
- Radation Theraphy to the head
- Stressful situation
- Hairstyles and treatment
Baldness is the excessive hair loss from your scalp. Hereditary hair loss that comes with ageing and is the most common cause of baldness. This may be be covered by hairstyle, accessories, or be treated with hair and skin science.
Signs and symptoms of hair loss may include:
- Gradual thinning on top of the head
This is the most common type of hair loss, affecting people as they get old. For male, hairline recedes on the forehead, while female usually have a broadening part in their hair. An increasingly common hair loss pattern in older women is frontal fibrosing alopecia.
- Circular or patchy bald spots.
Some lose hair in a circular or patchy spots on the scalp
- Sudden loosening of hair
Shock can cause hair to loosen. Handful of hair may come out when combing or washing or even after gentle tugging. This type of hair loss usually causes overall hair thinning but is not permanent
- Full-body hair loss
Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can result in the loss of hair all over your body. The hair usually grows back.
- Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp
This is a sign of ringworm. It may be accompanied by broken hair, redness, swelling and, at times, oozing.
What are the different types of hair loss?
Hair loss can appear in different ways below are different types of male and female hair loss.
Male Pattern Hair Loss (MPHL) or Male Pattern Baldness (MPB) is often identified with thinning crown and/or receding hairline.
Female Pattern Hair Loss (FPHL) or Female Pattern Baldness (FPB) is often distinguished by thinning hair in front and top of the scalp. Women’s hair loss can be caused by many underlying reason such as Anemia, Thyroid Disease, Oral Contraceptives, Hormones Replacement Theraphy and even menopause.
Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disorder that usually results in an unpredictable, patchy hair loss. Follicles are damaged by a misguided immune system.
Testosterone will turn to what is called DHT because of the enzyme ‘5 alpha-reductase’. This results to obstruction to follicle blood supply and can keep the nutrients that are vital for hair growth from absorbing.
Hair naturally has a cycle of growth (Anagen) and rest (Telogen), and production of DHT can cause ‘miniaturisation’ which alters the balance of the cycle. Per cycle, hair shaft becomes smaller which can take place follicle death and hair loss. Hair loss can be infuriated by lifestyle influences – too much consumption of alcohol, smoking, unhealthy diet, medication, insufficient sleep, stress, and poor quality hair products can cause hair loss, and hair disorder
There are different types of hair disorder
Also known as Alopecia, excessive hair loss affects men and women and it can have damaging impact on confidence and self-esteem. Hair loss can be extensive or patchy which can be caused by genetic conditions, hormone levels, or immune reactions that create inflammation around the hair follicles.. Some people come across temporary hair loss (telogen effluvium) while others undergo with this long term.
Hirsutism is excessive body hair in men and women on parts of the body where hair is normally absent or minimal. It may refer to a “male” pattern of hair growth that may be a sign of a more serious medical condition, especially if it develops well after puberty
Hair Infections. The scalp can become infected if fungus or bacteria enter the scalp through the hair follicles or damaged skin
Hair shaft disorders are a diverse group of congenital and acquired abnormalities of the hair shaft. Some hair shaft disorders cause fragility of the hair shaft leading to increased hair breakage; others lack fragility but alter the appearance or texture of the hair.
The key to successful hair regrowth is to address hair loss right away. If you are concerned about your appearance and thinking of getting cosmetic treatment to boost your confidence, you will have a very good chance of complete recovery if you act on it fast.
How much does hair loss treatment cost?
Average price range is $295 up to $695. You have to consider the consultation and expertise of the dermatologist who will perform the treatments and the clinic that you will go to. This also varies depending on the treatment for hair loss and some may be more expensive . An example is PRP because it is a hair loss treatment with a holistic approach, from monitoring hormone levels that are checked not just an injection but as well as genetic history, giving it a more inclusive and extensive evaluation.
Can dermatologist help with hair loss?
Since the hair and nails are often considered part of the skin, dermal diseases that arise are often treated by doctors who specializes in skin conditions.
Trichology is the medical term for the study of the hair and all issues related to it and person who specializes on it are called trichologist. Not all trichologist are dermatologist but all dermatologist are trichologist.
A dermatologist or cosmetic doctor is trained to diagnose conditions that affect our skin, hair, and nails. They studied the hair and skin science. They can get to the root of the problem, and in many cases, successfully treat hair loss
However, depending on the cause of hair problems, a person may chose to be treated by a different type of doctor.
Dermatologists can evaluate the cause of your problem through understanding your history and examining your scalp in the clinic. Scalp biopsy may be required and can give extra information when the diagnosis is more complex. Blood tests are often requested to leave out some triggers for hair loss that could be easily addressed such as iron deficiency.
Platelet Rich Plasma or PRP is a treatment that doctors use to hasten the healing in various areas of the body and helps rehabilitate hair regrowth. This is a natural hair regrowth that uses your own plasma to stimulate your follicles to generate hair again without the side effects that medication entails. The process includes using fine needle to inject and/ or micro-needle thinning areas on your scalp with your own platelet rich plasma.
One frequently asked question is, does PRP hurt? Patients typically experience significant reduction in pain after the first and second injection. In general, PRP injections are not painful however the discomfort level will depend on the treated area
Downtime of PRP is usually 24 to 73 hours. Patients who undergo PRP treatments may undergo the following side effects – mild pain at the treated scalp. scalp tenderness, swelling, headache, itching, and temporary bleeding on the injected site.
Hair regrowth will already be visible between 3 to 4 months.
It is always best to get consultation from your dermatologist to make sure that you get treatments best suitable for you.
Do hair loss treatments really work?
Hair loss treatment works in certain circumstances but outcome will vary depending on the state of your scalp or head. It is also a factor what caused the follicle impairment. Regrowth will occur after hair loss treatments, not a full head necessarily, but each individual may receive different result.
Assumptions need to be managed in terms of pattern baldness because at times, regrowth is impossible and there are even treatments which makes hair loss worse.
What are the after care for hair loss treatment?
- If you experience any pain or discomfort you may take Tylenol or other Acetaminophen-containing products as directed.
- Increase water intake the first week after your treatment.
- Touch, press, rub or manipulate the treated area(s) for at least 8 hours after your treatment.
- Apply ice to the injected area as ice acts as an anti-inflammatory
- Avoid Advil, Aleve, Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Motrin, Naprosyn, (all non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents), Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Gingko Biloba, Garlic, Flax Oil, Cod Liver, Essential Fatty Acids (EPA, DHA), for at least 1 week prior to and 2 weeks after your treatment
- Wet your hair for at least 3 hours after your treatment. For the first 3 days, use shampoo that is pH balanced.
- Do not use any hair products for at least 6 hours after your treatment.
- Avoid saunas, steam rooms, swimming for 2 days after your treatment.
- Avoid vigorous exercise, sun and heat exposure for at least 2 days after your treatment.
- Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and cigarettes for 3 days after treatment. Smokers do not heal well and problems recur earlier and results may take longer.
- Avoid resuming Minoxidil (Formula 82M, Rogaine®) or hair coloring or straightening for 3 days
If you are experiencing continuous pain, fever or chills, and/or numbing sensation, it is best to contact your doctor or clinic right away
How do you prevent hair loss?
These will not completely stop you from experiencing hair loss especially if it is genetics (both for male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness) but may help you prevent it
- Avoid tight hairstyles, such as braids, buns or ponytails.
- Avoid compulsively twisting, rubbing or pulling your hair.
- Treat your hair gently when washing and brushing. A wide-toothed comb may help prevent pulling out hair.
- Avoid harsh treatment such as hot rollers, curling irons, hot oil treatments and permanents.
- Avoid medications and supplements that could cause alopecia.
- Protect your hair from sunlight and other sources of ultraviolet light.
- Stop smoking. Some studies show an association between smoking and baldness in men.
- If you are being treated with chemotherapy, ask your doctor about a cooling cap. This cap can also reduce your risk of losing hair during chemotherapy.
What is the best hair loss treatments for male?
FDA has approved two drugs to treat male pattern baldness, Minoxidil (Rogaine) and Finasteride (Propecia, Proscar). The previous is a liquid or foam that you apply to your scalp to prevent alopecia while the latter is a pill that you take also for alopecia.
What is the best treatments for female hair loss?
Hair loss in women generates scattered thinning over the top of the scalp instead of bald spot without affecting the hairline
A common Pharmaceutical treatment for Female Pattern Hair Loss or Female Pattern Baldness is a topical lotion. There are several of these synthetic based products on the market. These type of female hair loss treatment comes with different strengths and corresponding side effects. One of the common side effects for stronger lotion are growth of unwanted body hair
What is hair transplant?
Hair transplants are done to add more hair to an area on your head that is already thinning or balding. It is done by taking hair from thicker parts of the scalp and graft it to the balding area.
There are two types of transplant method, Follicular Unit Transplantation also known as Follicular Unit Strip Surgery and Follicular Unit Extraction
How much does hair transplant cost?
The average cost for hair transplants in Melbourne clinic ranges from $11,000 to $18,000 although this can often go higher depending on the amount of treatment is required. Factors also includes the level of expertise of your hair dr. and the clinic.
Do hair transplants work?
Hair transplants are typically more successful than over-the-counter treatments however there are some components to consider
- Like regular hair, transplanted hair will thin over time.
- Dormant hair follicles may have less effective hair transplant
- Most transplants are done with existing hair so they won’t be as successful with widespread thinning and baldness, hair loss due to chemotherapy or other medication, and thick scalp from injuries
What are the side effects of hair transplant?
The most common side effect is scarring and this cannot be prevented. Other potential side effects include:
- crust or pus drainage around the surgical sites
- scalp pain, itching, and swelling
- inflammation of hair follicles
- losing sensation around the surgical sites
- visible areas of hair that don’t match the surrounding hair or are noticeably thinner
- continuing to lose hair if your hair is still balding
Minoxidil and Propecia can also have side effects, such as:
- irritated scalp
- chest pain
- irregular heart rate
- hand, foot, or breast swelling
- sexual dysfuntion